Trends in the contribution of commons-based livelihoods to economies of rural households

Common Property Resources (CPRs) are natural resources owned by a community or a group of people rather than by individual or state. CPRs play a crucial role in the context of rural households and has a prominent share in the incomes of poor households. During the last few decades, the rural areas have witnessed changes at multiple levels. The rural population dependent on agriculture have reduced with emergence of service, livelihood patterns have been altered; market has penetrated hitherto unreached land; infrastructure development projects have generated newer opportunities for villagers to migrate to urban centres for employment; several government schemes have been launched to provide wage labour work and livelihood opportunities locally in the villages; various local institutions such as SHGs have been created. The integration of village economy with the urban/market economy has happened at a faster pace given the penetration of market forces in product as well as labour markets. Along with these changes happening in the rural landscape, the CPRs are also shrinking at a quinquennial rate of 1.9%.

The objective of the research is to study the knowledge system around the CPRs and assess the relevance of CPRs for rural households and contribution in the rural economy in the context of changing rural landscape. The study will be predominantly exploratory in nature and will be a combination of quantitative and qualitative instruments of enquiry.